Types of stitching machines used for custom shirts manufacturing

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Published: 31st October 2012
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You need the right machine for the job; whether it is lightweight, medium weight, or heavyweight, there is a machine designed to perform each task. When you are going to stitch a custom dress shirt, you need several kinds of stitching machines. In the following article, we will discuss the different types of stitching machines used in dress shirt manufacturing.

Sewing machines are like any other tool you use. If you do not have the correct one, the task is harder or impossible to complete. The same applies to sewing machines. You need the right machine for the job; whether it is lightweight, medium weight, or heavyweight, there is a machine designed to perform each task. When you are going to stitch a tailor made shirt, you need equipment that is operational. There are two types of sewing machines known as Oscillating and rotary. Both types are operated by electric motors and are fitted with rheostats and special clutch arrangements that enable the operator to control the speed.

Oscillating and rotary sewing machines

When it comes to classifying sewing machines into oscillating and rotary, the important part is the rotary hook and oscillating shuttle. This device is out of sight in the base of the machine, but does the very important job of forming each stitch after the needle has passed thread through the fabric. Oscillating sewing machines have a sewing hook that rocks back and forth through half of one revolution to complete one stitch.

Rotary sewing machines have a hook that makes two complete revolutions to complete one stitch. The type of stitch commonly used and made by sewing machines in repair work is the lockstitch. The lockstitch makes use of two separate threads. One comes from the spool down through the eye of the needle, the other from the bobbin. In making the lockstitch, these two threads must become interlocked. Below we will discuss the types of machines used in custom dress shirt manufacturing.

Electric sewing machines

A basic electric sewing machine contains a motor in the body, which drives the needle in the top part of the sewing machine and controls a bobbin and feed dogs in the lower part under the needle plate. The motor runs by a foot pedal that usually offers a range of speeds - the harder you put your foot down, the faster you sew. The feed dogs automatically feed tailor made dress shirt fabric to the machine under the needle. These models allow for a reasonable range and size of stitches, which are selected by turning a dial. They are much faster and more accurate than old-fashioned manual models.

Computerized sewing machines

These do everything that ordinary electric machines do, plus an awful lot more. These sewing machines are controlled by computer chips with the correct tension, length and width programmed in by the manufacturer for each stitch style. They are operated using a touchpad and computer screen, and you can download programs from your PC. The machine can memorize past work and will also store hundreds of different stitches for you to choose from.

Over locker Sewing Machine

Over locker machines are used to stop fraying and give, a professional finish to the seams of tailor custom dress shirt. Their main purpose is to neaten seams, which they achieve by trimming while sewing. An over locker sews faster than a sewing machine and there are attachments available that enable it to be particularly useful for stitching rolled hems, gathering and attaching bindings.

You can use an ordinary machine to neaten an edge but you have to cut the fabric yourself and then set the machine to zig zag stitch, which takes time and creates a slight ridge. You can buy an over locker in addition to your sewing machine but you cannot use an over locker on its own, as it is limited in what it is able to do.

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